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Heron of Alexandria

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Heron of Alexandria
Borncirca 10

Heron, or Hero, of Alexandria (Greek: Ἥρων ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς) (c. 10–70 AD) was an ancient Greek mathematician and engineer who was active in his native city of Alexandria, Roman Egypt. He is considered the greatest experimenter of antiquity and his work is representative of the Hellenistic scientific tradition.


He wrote "Automata", a description of machines which enable wonders in temples by mechanical or pneumatic means (e.g. automatic opening or closing of temple doors, statues that pour wine, etc.).

He was inducted into the Society of American Magicians Hall of Fame and Magic Museum.


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