Internet

From MagicPedia, the free online encyclopedia for magicians by magicians.
Revision as of 08:04, 28 February 2010 by Jpecore (Talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search

The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that serves billions of users worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private and public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope that are linked by a broad array of electronic and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast array of information resources and services, most notably the inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support electronic mail.

The internet made it easier and quicker for magicians to communicate and share information. No longer did magicians have to wait on monthly magazines to find out about the latest news or tricks. First by email, then by Bulletin Board Systems and finally by forums, wikis and other social network capabilities in the 2000s.

Contents

1980s

Usenet is one of the oldest computer network communications systems still in widespread use. It was conceived in 1979 and publicly established in 1980 at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University, over a decade before the World Wide Web was developed and the general public got access to the Internet.

The articles that users post to Usenet are organized into topical categories called newsgroups, which are themselves logically organized into hierarchies of subjects. For instance, sci.math and sci.physics are within the sci hierarchy, for science. When a user subscribes to a newsgroup, the news client software keeps track of which articles that user has read.

Magic enthusiasts started posting on the newsgroup "alt.magic". Web-based archiving of Usenet posts began in 1995 at Deja News with a very large, searchable database. In 2001, this database was acquired by Google.

Alt.magic is still active but mostly filled with spam at http://groups.google.com/group/alt.magic/topics.

1990

By the beginning of 1990 private forums started to be created. Early Internet forums could be described as a web version of a newsgroup or electronic mailing list (Usenet) allowing people to post messages and comment on other messages.

In 1990 Tim Berners-Lee created the first World Wide Web server and browser.

MAGIC! - The Global Magicians Network

Magic! was a private Bulletin Board System (BBS) strictly for magicians to engage in both private and double private chats. It brought hundreds of conjuring related aficionados together via the modem. Ran by the System Operator (Sysop) Dave Lichtman. participants grew to be around 1,000 and included Max Maven, T.A. Waters, Max Abrams, Pete Biro, Tommy Wonder, Tabby Crabb aka Tabman, Paul Kozak, David Williamson, Charlie Randall, Bill Wells, Frank Zak, Paul Cummins, Steve Bryant, Mac King, Wittus Witt, Jamy Ian Swiss, Ron Wilson, Gary Plants, Jim Sisti, Michael Ammar, Jeff Busby, Harry Blackstone, Jr., Geno Munari and Dante Larsen.

It ran from 1990 - 1997. Tabby Crabb has been putting up an archive of the messages on the web at: http://www.questx.com/magic!/

1991

The Gopher system was released for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents over the Internet. WorldWideWeb, the world's first web browser was released.

SpiderNet

SpiderNet was a free service to magicians by Richard Robinson. It contained a SAM On Line section for current SAM and SYM members and was moderated by Craig Dickson. The IBM International conference was available to IBM members and was moderated by Tabman Crabb. Spider Net has been granted permission to convert the materials originally published in Hocus Pocus magazine in the 1970's to electronic format to be made available as free downloads to Spider Net users.

1992

In 1992 Charles Stack created the first online book store, Book Stacks Unlimited (aka Books.com).

1993

The introduction of the NCSA Mosaic web browser, one of the first graphical web browsers – led to an explosion in web use. Magic clubs and shops starting creating virtual sites.

Brad Burt's Magic BBS

Brad Burt's Magic BBS was up and running, which included online shopping.

Ring 2100

Ring 2100 was charted by IBM as the first virtual organization for that group. The list of the original charter members were: Max Abrams, Pete Biro Anthony Blake, Jerry Burton, Stephen Cabral, Tabby Crabb, Dave Knapp, David Lichtman, Jon Lucke, Stacey MacKenzie, David Luther, Glen McFerren, Geno Munari Jim Nagel, Charlie Randall, Keith Raygor, John Scanlan, Bruce Sandercock, Lee Thompson, David VanVranken, Bill Wells, Lesley V. J. Manning.

Ring 2100 was a subset of the MAGIC! membership, only MAGIC! members could participate. This became an issue when an IBM member got banned from the MAGIC! and thus was restricted from also participating in Ring 2100. That was one of the reasons they eventually broke away.

They are now close to 1,000 members.

1994

Shopping malls start to arrive on the Internet and you could start to order pizza online from Pizza Hut. Some radio stations started rebroadcasting their shows and the first banner ads appeared on hotwired.com in October (for the beverage Zima and AT&T).

Linkingpage.com and MagicNewswire.com

The original version of the current website produced by Dodd Vickers was first online in 1994 at an old school (pre-domain owning) address of http://www.netdepot.com/~gargoyle. It was hosted at that address because I was one of the founding partners in that ISP which was among the first in Atlanta to offer dial-up services and high speed dedicated connections for businesses.

It stayed that way until late 1996 when I registered the domain name Linkingpage.com but still managed to be recognized as one of the top 100 sites of the year by "The Net" magazine.

Today it is MagicNewswire.com providing the latest news and interviews for the magic community

1995

Microsoft responded with its browser Internet Explorer in 1995 (also heavily influenced by Mosaic), initiating the industry's first browser war. By now Magic shops started getting online.

GeMiNi

Joe Steven's Greater Magic Network (GeMiNi) from Stevens Magic Emporium was introduced at the 1995 Desert Seminar in Las Vegas. The initial list consists of Bill Wells, T. A. Waters, Pete Biro, Tom Mullica, Mike Close, Karrell Fox, Carol Roy, Stephen Youell and Eric Brad.

GeMiNi had an impressive listing of members who were able to exchange information on various topics and addition to the BBS portion; there were new weekly columns from a variety of respected magic icons. Also included were convention reviews, product reviews, interviews, and chat sessions. GeMiNi’s operating budget was far in excess of the revenue’s that were brought in by the annual $20 membership dues but then, it was never launched to be a money-maker but a way to give something back to the industry that has provided SME success. After 5+ years of operation, the decision was made to pull GeMiNi due to changes in the industry and take the energy and focus it in other areas of SME. Pat Hennessy was the system operator for GeMiNi.

Virtual Magic Shop

Virtual Magic Shop http://www.magical.com/secrets

Bishop's magic shop

Bishop's magic shop released it's online catalog through America Online or via a disk by mail. This specially-produced catalog program takes the hassles out of buying magic. Simply choose items from the catalog with a "click of your mouse;" the program automatically keeps a running total of your order - and it even fills out the order form! EASY TO ORDER! With your modem and Visa, MasterCard, American Express or Discover card, you can order the latest tricks and books 24 HOURS a DAY - 7 DAYS a WEEK! Or use our convenient 24 hour phone and FAX order lines. PLUS! FREE ROUTINES INCLUDED

Robinson Wizard's

Robinson Wizard's Universal Electric wide-band web site brings you the best in magic on the Internet's World Wide Web -- typeset, full color and with digital movies and sound to download.

http://www.uelectric.com/magicshow.html Magic Show, the first interactive magic magazine, has reviews, tricks, news, and exciting special features including a ditigal movie editorial.

The All Magic Guide to magic on the World Wide Web includes hot links to the best magic sites throughout the world. http://www.uelectric.com/allmagicguide.titml

The international directory of professional magicians complete with photos, biographies, and booking information. http://www.uelectric.com/magicstars/mstars.htnil

The Little Egypt Gazette

In 1995, Steve Bryant launched a 40-page monthly web magazine for magicians called The Little Egypt Gazette. Although he retired the magazine in 1997, after 24 issues, he still maintains a monthly web column, Little Egypt Magic.

1996

Ebay came online and magicians quickly starting selling magic books and equipment online.

1997

Push and Multicasting, the predecessor to RSS and portals, were the hot technologies of year.

Genii Magazine

Genii Magazine started a web presence.

The Second Deal

Jason Alford's website, The Second Deal. {http://www.theseconddeal.com) consisted of serious cardmen who regularly communicate on a bulletin board.

In June of 1997, The Second Deal (TSD) was created and named by Mark Aspiazu. Jason Alford was in charge of TSD when schedule conflicts took most of Mark's time. At one point, there were over 600 members. A decision was made to change TSD to a subscription-based page on November 1, 1998. In March of 1999, 20 close-up magicians from around the world gathered in New Orleans at the first annual TSD Convention.

1998

The Web had grown to an estimated size of 300 million pages. Portals were the hot technology. The US Postal Service started allowing stamps to be purchased and downloaded for printing and open source software comes of age.

MagicTalk

MagicTalk "The Official Discussion Board for Magicians" Bryan Dean ran the Electronic Forum MagicTalk. Bryan closed MagicTalk in 2007 to pursue other interests, namely hypnotism. On June 1, 2009, Bryan re-opened MagicTalk with John Pyka.

magic.about.com

Near the end of 1998 Bryan Dean was host starting in 1999 for a number of years Wayne Kawamoto took over around 2005.

1999

Free computers were all the rage (as long as you sign a long term contract for Internet service). Online banking and stock trading were becoming popular as well as MP3 players.

The Learned Pig Project

Started by professional magician Marko in Panama City, Panama as a website with a few public-domain magic e-books. It grew to hosts more than 100 magic books, articles, videos, complete scripts of magical sketches and playlets, plus a lot more stuff, all free to members behind a password protected website http://www.thelearnedpig.com.pa/home.html. He also sent out an electronic magazine (e-zine) contained news and tricks starting with Vol. 1, No. 1 dated September 29, 1999.

2000

In 2000, Yahoo acquired eGroups.com, one of the most popular mailing list products at the time and merged the eGroups.com functionality with Yahoo Groups (which was launched in 1998).

Yahoo! Groups provided anyone to create a community with message boards, calendars and profiles. The allowed any magician to be a system administrator and many magic communities sprung up including very specialized ones such as the "Art of Astonishment" Yahoo Group

Art of Astonishment Group

The Art of Astonishment Group was a members only group is dedicated to discussing Paul "close-up kinda guy" Harris. You needed to own all 3 volumes of Art of Astonishment (or at least all of the books that make up AoA) to join this group. (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ArtOfAstonishment).

A routine from his "Art of Astonishment" series used to be periodically selected to review, discuss, provide variations, handling tips, etc.

Lybrary.com

Lybrary.com was founded by Chris Wasshuber with the idea to make hard to get magic books available in electronic form. Lybrary.com later expanded to include gambling books, books on games and several other subject areas typically neglected by big book stores

Jon Rachembaumer Web Site

Jon Rachembaumer entered cyberspace with his own part free and pay site. This website, comparatively speaking, is a free zone for magicians primarily interested in close-up and card magic.

Part of this site is password protected and a nominal fee is levied for maintenance purposes. Paid members will have access to the sections named Tricks, Re: Views, Essays, Provenance, and Archive. The most valuable section will be the Archive, which will eventually feature a robust database comprised of sleights and subtleties, including complete manuscripts, and discounted e-books.

2001

Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia that anyone could edit, was released in January 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger using the concept and technology of a wiki pioneered by Ward Cunningham.

Genii Forum started

The Genii Forum was launched, allowing subscribers of Genii and anyone else to post messages.

MagicCafe

Steve Brooks started the MagicCafe "Magicians helping magicians" Forum in August, 2001.

Magic Lineage Project or Geniiology

Chris Wasshuber, interesting in documenting the lineage of magic principles and routines created the "Magic Lineage Project" http://www.lybrary.com/mlp/. He provided a form for allowing anyone to enter new entries. After a great start, it seemed to have lost traction after a year. It's still available with lots of great information for historians.

2002

Blobs started to become popular.

The Magic Reference Pages

http://magicref.tripod.com/ was created by Doug Atkinson. It contained:

  • Magic References: Links to the various bibliographic reference pages for effects such as the Linking Rings, Color Changing Knives, and more. Each page provides a listing of Books, Videos/DVDs, and Products that reference the specific effect.
  • Magic Book Contents (Table of Contents, or TOC) Listings: Provides an index to hundreds of magic book table of contents listings. This will help you search for an effect in the books you own, or to browse the contents of a book before buying it.
  • Magic Links: links to many magic shops offering books and products related to the effects featured on this page.

2003

The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) starts taking tough action over distributing copyright music files over peer-to-peer networks suing hundreds of individuals.

Conjuring Arts

The Conjuring Arts Research Center (CARC), a not-for-profit organization dedicated to the preservation and interpretation of magic and its allied arts was created. Currently, Conjuring Arts functions primarily as a research library with of over 11,000 book and magazine titles, dating back to the 15th century. It was reated, in part, to encourage in-depth scholarship devoted to the subject, it has evolved into a resource for performers, historians, writers, collectors, producers of television and film projects, and the general public.

CARC provides an online database, a semi-annually published journal, and a performance component. http://www.conjuringarts.org/

2004

Social Networking sites, such as Facebook, are released.

The Magic files

Cameron Roat created the The Magic files website mostly for documenting contents for magic related magazines. He also created the Open Genii Index for creating table of contents of all Genii Magazines. He eventually had a hard drive failure and all the work was lost except for what was recoverable using the "Wayback Machine" (Internet Archives).

Artefake

The French magic reference site begins as Magie-bourgogne then becomes Artefake (http://www.artefake.com).

Searchable Magic Book Contents

Denis Behr created an online version of this database, which started with software that only worked when installed on a computer. http://archive.denisbehr.de/ It's a remarkable listing of magic books which can be browsed by many different categories.

MagicBooks

MagicBooks (http://www.magicbooks.be/) forum was create by Jacky Kahan purpose to gather information about magic books. The idea came because a lot of books lack references. It's available to members only (but free).

2006

Itricks.com

The goal of itricks.com is to bring to you the latest news and information from the world of magic.

Justin Young Editor-in-chief

Andrew Mayne Publisher

magic historian wiki

One of the first magic related Wikis was http://www.magichistorian.com/ started by Paul Draper, Gary Darwin, Acar Altinsel, and Maxwell Murphy. It never seemed to go anywhere and it now mostly taken over by spam.

2007

MagicPedia

MagicPedia (this site) was released on October 2007 and has grown to over 4,000 articles.

References

Wikipedia-logo.png This page incorporated content from Internet,

a page hosted on Wikipedia. Please consult the history of the original page to see a list of its authors. Therefor, this article is also available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Interaction
Support our sponsor
Share
Print/export
Toolbox