Tossed Out Deck
Tossed Out Deck is a mentalism effect in which a deck of cards, held together by a rubber band, is tossed out to the audience for them to peek at a random card. After three or more people have selected a card in this manner, the mentalist can name all the cards selected. It was known to be performed many times by Orson Welles.
The name comes for the effect published by David Hoy in The Bold and Subtle Miracles of Dr. Faust (1963). The deck that was needed for the effect came from the mind of Persi Diaconis, who worked it out for Hoy.
Hoy, however, in a letter to Pet Biro that was published in "The Reel Works" column for Genii 1979 May states "I used it in well over 100 shows before I ever met Persi Diaconis". He goes on to say he used a more "Bold & Subtle Approach" and went on to point out that he did not use (nor would he stoop to using) the kind of deck normally associated with this effect.
One of the first "banded deck" peeking ideas can bee seen in the Sphinx, Vol. 7, December, 1908, page 136) ad for the "Peerless Monte Cristo Cards" by Henry Hardin (sold by DeLand). It states that you can, after showing all cards are different, allow you to put a rubber band around the deck, hand it to someone to pull it open at any place and "peep" at a card. The deck, however, could not be tossed or allowed to get that far away from you.
The real conceptual leap in Hoy's routine is the psychological ploy that creates conviction that multiple spectators are thinking of separate cards and that the performer correctly names each card.
- Stuart Robson's Telomatic Deck (1944)
- U.F. Grant's Lady Luck in The Phoenix No. 181, sept. 1949, page 723.
- Ed Marlo's Hoy Outdone, page 37 in New Tops, vol. 23, no. 6, June 1983.
- Ron Wilson's Hoy Legacy in The Uncanny Scot: Ron Wilson written by Richard Kaufman (1987)
- Harry Anderson's All for One in Harry Anderson, Wise Guy written by Mike Caveney (1993)
- Max Maven's Tossed-Out Tech in Videomind, phase 2 (1997)
- Psi-Deck by Bruce Bernstein (2001)
- David Ben's Tossed On Stage in his book Tricks (2003)
- Whit Haydn's Killer Epic routine
- Jack Dean's Bagatelle uses Baggage Tags with various Countries and Cities printed on them instead of a deck of cards.