Metamorphosis is the name of a stage illusion invented by John Nevil Maskelyne, but most often associated with Harry Houdini and performed to some renown (for speed) by The Pendragons. It is also known as the Substitution Trunk (often abbreviated to Sub Trunk).
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Some add a kicker ending by doing a costume change.
Penn and Teller performed the illusion in an underwater theater with the woman assistant handcuffed & locked in a steel cage on the bottom.
Criss Angel performed it using a flash of fire as the cover.
A method for Metamorphosis was exposed by the Masked Magician, Val Valentino, as part of Fox TV series Breaking the Magicians' Code: Magic's Biggest Secrets Finally Revealed. He was assisted by Michelle Berube. However, the method exposed (specifically the manner in which the trunk is opened) is not generally in use today.