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James Randi

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James Randi
BornRandall James Hamilton Zwinge
August 07, 1928
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
DiedOctober 20, 2020 (age 92)

James Randi (b.1928-d.2020), who went by the stage name The Amazing Randi, is a stage magician and scientific skeptic best known as a challenger of paranormal claims and pseudoscience. Born Randall James Hamilton Zwinge in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, he would later become a naturalized American.


Randi began his career as a magician and stage hypnotist; in 1956, photos of him were used to illustrate "The Key to Hypnotism" by Walter B. Gibson. He then became a debunker of the paranormal. He wrote about the paranormal, skepticism, and the history of magic.

Randi is the founder of the James Randi Educational Foundation (JREF).

He was a frequent guest on the The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, and was occasionally featured on the television program Penn & Teller: Bullshit!.



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  • The Linking Ring, Vol. 30, No. 6, August 1950, Randall Zwinge, by Howard Lyons, page 33
  • M-U-M, Vol. 46, No. 11, April 1957, THE RETURN OF HARRY HOUDINI, by ROBERT LUND, page 510
  • The Magic Circular, Vol. 76, No. 824, April 1982, THIS IS YOUR LIFE, Presenter PETER BLANCHARD, page 64
  • Genii 1986 August, Vol. 50, No. 2, Los Angeles Times, Part I/Sunday, September 14, 1986 – Magician-Debunker Conjures Up 'Genius Grant', by Kay Bartlett, Associated Press, page 180
  • Sid Lorraine Files Folder, Vol. 11, No. 5, n.d., The Toronto Star, August 23, 1986 ● Saturday Magazine – The Amazing Randi, pages 34-37
  • The Linking Ring, Vol. 91, No. 10, October 2011, Pictures from the Past, page 28, Answer to Pictures from the Past from page 28, by Gary R. Frank, page 108
  • Bio-bibliographisches Lexikon der Zauberkünstler Edition Volker Huber, April 2002, Zwinge, Randall James = The Amazing Randi, kanad. Zauberkünstler; Entfesselungskünstler (*07.08.1928 Toronto, Kanada, page 383